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Demise Of The Anchor Text

by Shimon Gurman

anchor text

Search Results with No Keywords Present

During the last half of 2012, the good folks over at Seo-up did some research and collected data on the topic of links. They basically wanted to find out how Google treats anchor texts.

Over time, they realized that in the titles and descriptions of sites ranking high in search results, there was little or no mention of the actual expression used for the search. Additionally, they checked the amount of sites backlinking to these sites and found the amount to be relatively low. On the other hand, a substantial amount of backlinks consisted of nothing more than just the site’s name devoid of any key worded anchor text e.g. ‘Yyy’ for yyy.com.

In order to understand how backlinks, devoid of any keywords as anchor text, helped a specific site rank high, they reviewed over 500 links.

Transparent Links

What they discovered was, that all content (whether post, article, comment etc.), linking to the publisher’s site (yyy.com) while using just the company name (‘Yyy’ – with no key worded anchor text), also contained the keywords which normally would have been used as the link’s anchor text. Meaning, in the description of a certain service or product the keywords appeared as plain text (which would’ve traditionally been used as anchor text), but the link leading to the company’s homepage itself, was stripped of any anchor text and just contained the company’s name.

Apparently, this was something found repeatedly in all sites linking in.

Need a Link? How About Some Actual Content?

Accordingly, say the folks at Seo-up, a job board can rank high in search results for the search “find a job”, without even being linked to with these keywords as anchor text. Instead, the content backlinking to the site will contain the expression “find a job”, but as innocent plain text in the context of discussing the subject of job searching, with the link to the job board just being the site’s URL or the company’s name.

So in reality, the text containing the backlink would look something like this:

“There are a number of job boards today providing reliable leads for job hunters. A good job board will provide you with a wide range of openings according to your skills and preferences. You can save yourself the trouble of perusing the many websites of different companies to find a job (expression) that will make you happy. For example <joboard_site>.com (link) is a widely used job board for job seekers in the industry providing an x amount of openings per month…”

What just happened here? We linked to the site without using the expression “find a job” as an anchor text, but rather the homepage address itself!

A Quick Experiment

I tested this hypothesis myself and it seems to be on the money. Content really does rule. How did I do this? I performed a search, and visited the sites backlinking to one of the top ranking results to see what was really going down behind the scenes.

In the following screenshot, you can see the results of my search for “find a job”. 3 out of the top 7 results clearly did not contain the expression I used in my search:

Google Search Results

Next, I chose our third search result – Seek.com.au and visited the sites linking in to see the backlink situation there. The first couple of sites a I visited indeed contained transparent links, but not my desired expression (you’ll have to take my word for it).

On the third or fourth site I graced with my presence I indeed found the key worded expression in a comment:

keyword expression

And the link was found in another comment:

clip_image006

Just to make sure that it wasn’t a fluke, the site or two later I visited provided the same results. Expression present:

anchor text

 

And transparent link lower down on the page:

clip_image010

Google’s New Approach

What are the practical implications of this? Google’s approach has now shifted to, “I realize that I can be duped by anchor texts, so I’ll try and understand context from the surrounding content itself.” This in essence means, that the significance of the amount of links with key worded anchor texts you have in cyberspace has decreased, and the volume and quality of content discussing your site is of primary importance.

Rand of SEOmoz also mentioned about this a while back, and he too believes that anchor text is a fading factor.

Basically, if relevant content, rather than just an anchor text, is associated with your site’s name, you’ll see improved results.

Just so you shouldn’t get the wrong impression, anchor texts still have some value and it might be preferable not to neglect them. Google’s position though, is that a link using the actual site’s name along with relevant surrounding content has more impact. With surrounding text being connected to the site’s name, Google then decides that the chances of attempted manipulation are lower.

To Sum Up

If you make sure to have a lot of content on 3rd party sites, describing your site’s services and/or products in the most natural way possible, and your links won’t be anchored via keywords, but rather transparently, using your site’s name, Google will repute you in high regard and your positioning in search results will improve.

At this point, this is all a personal prediction of the folks at seo-up.co.il, but this approach seems like a logical progression, as this development will allow less room for superficial linking and more value will be placed on quality content. Once this takes full effect the Internet we all use can only improve.

Article by

Shimon has been fascinated by the internet ever since software installed via Compuserve floppies was needed for accessing cyberspace. He also is a contributor to GinWiz.com, where they talk about all things mobile.

Shimon has written 2 articles at iBlogzone.com

1 Johnny Bravo April 11, 2013 at 4:13 am

I have to say those are some pretty interesting findings. And a progression I can understand keywords, ranking, and anchor text making. Google and google bots are getting smarter. There’s no reason to think that their ability to read the context of links and content is getting better and better. Thanks for sharing.

2

Shimon

April 13, 2013 at 8:54 pm

Sure. Also, at this point Google can even understand what you imply through a search. So for example, if you want to find the Cirque de Soliel online but forgot its name, you can just search in Google for “circus quebec”, and it will come out on top of search results.

3 Daisy April 11, 2013 at 11:42 am

Yes you are right in one point. I also observed that google is preferring now the words used in domain also. But you can’t say that your research is perfect. I inserted ‘find job’, and the result was a little different. I put ‘ipad pos’, again the same thing. Anyway, your research is precious!

4

Organized

April 11, 2013 at 2:32 pm

Shimon, thanks for sharing your findings about Google’s algorithm changes with respect to anchor text. I have decided to “forget” about SEO and Google. Now I only worry about writing content for my readers. Trying to get benefit of Google’s algorithms is a lost battle for me.

5

Shimon

April 13, 2013 at 6:32 pm

Sure. That was the point I was trying to make. People should just do what comes naturally. If you provide the content people want, they’ll link to you anyhow.

6 Justin Germino April 11, 2013 at 4:22 pm

Very interesting finding, this also is in line with many SEO products that analyze keyword density for targeted keywords on an article, but the fact that Google would analyze content, then reference keywords targeted and look for a site connected in another paragraph is a very interesting factor.

Too many SEO advertisers, specialists are still marketing and selling pre-Panda/Penguin methods of link building and are not adapting to Google updates and changes fast enough to be effective for their clients it would seem as well.

7

Shimon

April 13, 2013 at 8:50 pm

Yes, Google has progressed to a more thorough search method. It correctly assumes that the combination of a site directly linked to and the keyword combination found on the page elsewhere, has more value than just an anchored text link with no relation to the topic at hand on the same page. And it forces SEO to become more about actual content and community than just “links”.

8

Vipin Pandey

April 13, 2013 at 2:13 am

Hi Shimon,

Nice research. Google is getting smart to rate content and providing better results for users. Now it is very important that one should not think about search engines while writing. Priority should be creating best content. Google is smart enough to recognize it. Thanks for the info.

9

Shimon

April 13, 2013 at 6:36 pm

Thanks. Yes, you should write naturally and without consideration of “what’s good for marketing”.

10 Sujit Dubey April 13, 2013 at 9:07 am

I really agree with you but i would like to mention that i have seen so many sites they are using Anchor Text and even getting rank well in search engine.

11

Shimon

April 13, 2013 at 6:56 pm

Yes, anchor text is important, because it provides a clue to a certain site’s “personality”, but the prediction maintains that having relevant content people actually read linking to you should be the focus.

12 Kimberly Castleberry April 13, 2013 at 10:53 pm

Great post Shimon. I too had been seeing a lot of the same thing. It increased drastically as Google got better and better at indexing comments as well. Ah yes, the ever changing world that is SEO!
Kim

13

fleming

April 15, 2013 at 10:42 am

thanks for making a interesting writeup about anchor text ..i also agree to you equal proportion of anchor/keywords used for creating back links will effect in good results more targeting anchors will lead you to over optimization

14 John Wiehe April 18, 2013 at 6:50 pm

Shimon, nice research. I have a question about anchor text that’s waaay too long. I’ve seen more anchor text with four or more words, some even 10-20 word sentences. No one searches keywords that long. What effects could anchor text with such length be?

15

Shimon

April 21, 2013 at 10:34 am

So I consulted with Dror from seo-up.co.il and he says something to this effect: Having a long anchor text (10-20 words) which has in it also specific keywords is actually a good strategy. Why? Because a link with a very long anchor text doesn’t seem to be for SEO purposes and is of a more “innocent” nature – there’s more to the link than just key words. Hence, Google won’t discount it as it would a link anchor-texted with a specific phrase.

16 Suzanne April 19, 2013 at 7:25 pm

Shimon, thanks for your detailed account of anchor text. It clears up a lot questions I had. I am in the process of designing a website re-do with my developer. Do you think keyword footer links are not a good idea these days? I don’t know of a better way to describe all the pages on my website without using keyword anchor links in the footer.

17

Shimon

April 21, 2013 at 10:47 am

Dror from seo-up says this: Internal key worded links in the footer are fine, but only if they remain internal. They should be categorized by subject as well and there should only be one link per location. If the links are to external sites, then that can lead to weakened positioning in search results (for the linked-to site), as Google treats external footer links as suspect. Especially if there are two or more to the same site.

18

Morten Pedersen

May 14, 2013 at 5:12 pm

Will it be OK if the link is NoFollow?
For instance to Webmaster: xx.xx

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